Ranthambore National Park

Ranthambore National Park attracts large number of travelers to witness the elusive Royal Bengal Tiger, as this is the sole park all across the world where the richest concentrations of animals occur. It is known for its healthy tiger population and frequent fatal human-tiger interactions and poaching. The famous wildlife sanctuary is open for tourism from 1st of October to 30th June every year.

The Ranthambore National Park, which is a prominent part of the much larger Tiger Reserve, conveniently located at just 14 Km from Sawai Madhopur District of eastern Rajasthan. It covers an area of about 392 square kilometers. Situated at the junction of Aravali and Vindhya Hills, Ranthambore is the largest forest reserve where healthy populations of tiger exist. The exotic flora and fauna of the park is nurtured by the two of the mighty rivers Chambal and Banas. They flow to the long stretch of the park forming its boundary to the south and north. The magical land of legends - Ranthambore is now abode of 45 species of reptiles, 40 species of mammals and 300 different species of migratory and residents birds and over 300 species of plants. But very interestingly, this natural habitat is famous for healthy population of Royal Bengal Tiger and their various activities of life which could be witnessed by the tourists. So, Ranthambore is the only fraternity of tigers in the Rajasthan.

The Park: History

During the 19th century the forests of Ranthambore were the private and exclusive hunting reserves of the Jaipur and Karauli royal family. In fact there was excellent forest cover almost all over India. Due to less population density exploitation of the forests was negligible. But by the end of the 20th century, everyone felt the need for conservation of forest and wildlife in India. So, in the year of 1955 Ranthambore National was founded as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary by the Government of India. However, in 1973 it was notified as a project tiger reserve and in 1980 it become the national park of India. Today, it has become the biggest national park of India, where thousands of visitors come to the park from India and other countries.

The Park: Flora & Fauna

The Ranthambore National Park is blessed with the rich diversity of flora and fauna. It is so because there is plenty of water available in this particular region to support these varieties of natural resources. As the park is located close to Thar Desert, so the region receives scanty rainfalls due to which vegetation in the park mainly comprises of the dry deciduous type. The glory of the park is its perennial lakes, steep hills, plateaus, gentle slopes, narrow valleys and breathtaking array of variety of plant communities. About 80% of the vegetation cover found on hill slopes and valleys constitutes of 'Dhok Trees' whose leaves form a favorite diet for Nilgai, Deer and Antelope. Banyan and Peepal trees in the park are another most prominent flora found in the Ranthambore. Babul is one of the most common trees found here and is regarded across north India as a medicinal and very valuable tree.

For the wildlife savvy, The Ranthambore wildlife sanctuary is a paradise for them because it offers an intense diversity of fauna also. Tigers are the pride of Ranthambore that make it one of the great places in the country to observe them. Apart from that a large number of other animals to observe like Chital, Sambar, Nilgai, and Gazzle, Boars, Mangoose and a large number of bird's species are found here.

Sawai Madhopur is perhaps the best approach to the Ranthambore National Park. The railway station in Sawai Madhopur receives trains from different major cities like Delhi, Jaipur, Kota, Mumbai, Agra and other important cities also. Once you reached Sawai Madhopur, then it takes only half an hour to reach Ranthambore National Park. The park is around 11 KM from Sawai Madhopur railway station.

Safari In Ranthambore National Park

ranthambore jeep safari information

Jeep Safari in Ranthambore

If you wish to explore the varied topography of the Ranthambore National Park then Open Jeep Safari would the best way to get deep insights of the wilderness.

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canter safari in ranthambore

Canter Safari in Ranthambore

Canter safari is also a popular way to wander through the flora and fauna of Ranthambore National Park. Let us explore little about the observation and experiences of Canter Safari in Ranthambore.

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How to Reach Ranthambore National Park

On reaching Delhi either you can opt Railways or Airways to reach Ranthambore. Jaipur which is the nearest city to Ranthambore has good air connectivity with some of the prominent city of India. You have to take AIR India from New Delhi to Jaipur and then taxi from Jaipur to Sawai Madhopur. There are number of privately operated taxis that go to Sawai Madhopur. It is nearly 160 KMS from the city Jaipur and it takes nearly 03 hrs to cover the distance.

Ranthambore National Park By Railways: On reaching Delhi railway station you have to take train that goes to Sawai Madhopur junction. There are many trains that link Sawai Madhopur with Delhi. Some of them are Golden Temple Mail, kota Janshatabdi, UHP Kota Express, Paschim Express, Mewar Express, Sarvodaya Express and many others. You can also choose your train according to total time taken by different trains which varies from 9 hrs 0 mins to 3 hours 41 mins. You can travel to Sawai Madhopur by train and then cover the remaining 11 Kms to Ranthambore by taxi.

Ranthambore By Roadways: Roadways is also a feasible option to reach Ranthambore. You can easily travel to Sawai Madhopur by road. Volvo buses and taxis are available from Delhi (434 Kms), you will have to take NH 8 via Nadoti and then switch over to the state highways to go to Ranthambore and Sawai Madhopur.

Have a quick look on distance chart from Ranthambore National Park:
  • Jaipur to Ranthambore - 160 Kms
  • Kota to Ranthambore - 114 Kms
  • Jodhpur to Ranthambore - 450 Kms
  • Delhi to Ranthambore - 365 Kms
  • Bikaner to Ranthambore - 476 Kms
  • Ajmer to Ranthambore - 258 Kms